Tag Archives: KNMI

Copernicus Sentinel 5P

Copernicus Sentinel 5P

Sentinel 5P March 01 to 05, 2019 are mapped using R software. Darker red areas are high levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) as shown over East of China, a highly industrialized populated area. Sentinel-5P have spatial resolution of 7 x 3.5 KM.

The Copernicus Sentinel-5P (S5P) data is available (here) for download since July 2018 to monitor air quality and changes in ozone over Antarctica. The TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) is the single sensor on board of the S5P satellite. The S5P is the first of the atmospheric composition Sentinels (operational satellite missions supporting the Copernicus programme), launched in 2017, for a nominal lifetime of 7 years. S5P, is a gap-filler and a preparatory programme covering products and applications for Sentinel-5. The S5P mission will fill the gap between the end of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and SCIAMACHY exploitation and the Sentinel-5 mission (credit: ESA).

This high spatial resolution data is useful for air pollution to locate origin of key pollutants (trace gases such as sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere) and finding pollution hotspots. Measurements of atmospheric ozone from the Copernicus S5P satellite are now being used in daily forecasts of air quality. 

List of Sentinel-5P level 2 products are show in the table (credit: KNMI):

European Space Agency (ESA) – Sentinel-5P (credit ESA)

Data Download

The S5P data in “pre ops”  phase can be downloaded from the scihub https://scihub.copernicus.eu/ . I downloaded a level 2 NO2 file in netCDF format (.nc files).

search results are shown

Data visualization

The downloaded netcdf file first imported into “Panoply netCDF Visualization Software”

Click to access Panoply_Manual.pdf

The browser shows contents (variables) of the netcdf file.

The user can easily create a line plot.

2D plot with several map projections options

Copyright/Credit contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2018), processed by DLR/BIRA

One added value of Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) ozone products compared to satellite total column retrievals is that CAMS provides 3D global fields. This allows structures like the Antrctic ozone hole to be viewed in a different way. This animation shows a cross section of the ozone layer (in partial pressure) over the South Pole from 1 July to 25 November 2018 and illustrates the development and recovery of the ozone hole.

Copyright/Credit Processed by CAMS/ECMWF

The reduction of ozone concentrations in the stratosphere and the formation of the ozone hole each year are caused by complex meteorological and chemical processes. Changes in the ozone between 7 July and 22 November 2018 are displayed here as a 3D rendered animation.

Copyright/Credit processed by CAMS/ECMWF


More Information available:

  • Tropomi.eu (KNMI R&D Satellite Observations here )
  • TROPOMI (the Netherlands here)
  • European Space Agency (ESA) Sentinel-5 Precursor / TROPOMI here
  • ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor launch campaign blog here
  • Sentinel-5 Precursor Level-2 Product User manual here
  • Research articles/presentations: link1, link2, link3, link4,

Related tweets:

— ESA EarthObservation (@ESA_EO) June 5, 2019

We’re in Milan for #LPS19 and the latest science from Europe’s Sentinel satellites… like the new #Sentinel5P, which returns daily views of pollution. It shows nitrogen dioxide, mostly from fossil-fuel burning. This is data averaged for March 2019. pic.twitter.com/H2xXJZaNFX

— Jonathan Amos (@BBCAmos) May 13, 2019

Catalogue of Climate Data Sources

A catalogue of climate data sources with links. Please feel free to add new links or report for broken links.

Data Type Data Source Link
Climate data (raw) (Global Historical Climate Network: weather station records from around the world, temperature and precipitation) ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/ghcn/v2/
USHCN US. Historical Climate Network ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/ushcn/
World Monthly Surface Station Climatology http://dss.ucar.edu/datasets/ds570.0/
Antarctic weather stations https://legacy.bas.ac.uk/met/READER/
European weather stations http://eca.knmi.nl/
Italian Meterological Society http://www.zamg.ac.at/cms/de/aktuell
Satellite feeds https://mirador.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/mirador/presentNavigation.pl?tree=project&project=SORCE
Tide Gauges http://www.psmsl.org/
World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS) http://wgms.ch/
International Argo Project http://www.argo.net/
International Comphensive Ocean – Atomospheric Dataset http://icoads.noaa.gov/
Aerosol Robotic Network https://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Climate data (processed) Surface temperature anomalies https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/
Satellite temperatures (MSU) http://www.nsstc.uah.edu/data/msu/
Sea surface temperatures ftp://eclipse.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/OI-daily-v2/
Stratospheric Temperature http://www.cpc.noaa.gov/products/stratosphere/temperature/
Sea Ice http://arctic.atmos.uiuc.edu/cryosphere/
Radiosondes http://www.univie.ac.at/theoret-met/research/raobcore/
Cloud and radiation products https://isccp.giss.nasa.gov/products/onlineData.html
Sea Level http://sealevel.colorado.edu/
Aerosols http://dataipsl.ipsl.jussieu.fr/AEROCOM/
Greenhouse Gases https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/aggi/
Snow Cover http://climate.rutgers.edu/snowcover/index.php
GLIMS Glacier Database http://glims.colorado.edu/glacierdata/
Ocean Heat Content https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/3M_HEAT_CONTENT/
Ocean CO2 http://cdiac.ornl.gov/oceans/
GCOS Essential Climate Variables https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/gosic
NOAA Climate Indicators https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/bams
Data Visualization & Analysis GIOVANNI https://giovanni.gsfc.nasa.gov/giovanni/
Climate Explorer http://climexp.knmi.nl/start.cgi?someone@somewhere
IRI/LDEO Climate Data Library http://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/
Wood fro trees http://woodfortrees.org/plot/
International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) http://www.ipcc-data.org/maps/
Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium https://www.pacificclimate.org/about-pcic/programs
ClimateWizard http://www.climatewizard.org/
Global Change Master Directory https://gcmd.nasa.gov/
CLIVAR http://www.clivar.org/data/global.php
USA Weather RADAR https://radar.weather.gov/
Canadian Weather RADAR https://weather.gc.ca/radar/index_e.html