Real-Time Crop & Drought Monitoring System – RECENT


RECENT combines a data from Multiple Satellites Observations Monitor and Assess Impact from Drought in Regional Scale. Daily/Monthly Drought index data with Satellite Rainfall and Land Surface Temperature are available to Visualize and Download through this Web Site (

The RECENT service is available for countries; Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao_PDR, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, SriLanka, Thailand & Vietnam.

Satellite observed Rainfall and Land Surface Temperature data are used here to obtain a daily drought product called Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI), which ranges from 0 (wet condition) to 800 (dry condition). Anomaly of drought index (KBDI) which is deviation from long term average if Drought Index is an Indicator of Drought Condition. Hourly global rainfall data at 0.1° spatial resolution is obtained from GSMaP NRT System by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). It is derived from microwave radiometers (e.g., TMI, AMSR-E and SSM/I) and infrared radiometers (e.g., MTSAT, METEOSAT and GOES). This is an hourly rainfall product which is available to public after 4 hours after the observations. Land Surface Temperature (LST) data are obtained from MTSAT, a weather satellite of the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) with a spatial resolution of 4 km. LST is observed in every 30 minutes using 4 thermal-infrared channels.

The service is run and managed by:

Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo Japan (

Geoinformatics Center, Asian Institute of Technology Thailand (http://www.geoinfo.ait.asian/)

Additional information

  • Drought Index KBDI (Link) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF)
  • Consistency of satellite-based precipitation products in space (PDF)
  • Product Tutorial on Land Surface Temperature (Link)
  • JAXA Global rainfall watch (Link) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF)
  • JAXA Global rainfall watch web tool (Link)

Flood Monitoring from Space – ESA’s Sentinel-1

Karachi, the largest city of Pakistan received heavy monsoon rain August 30, 2017. The flood in Karachi due to heavy rains is the continuation of the similar monsoon related flooding crisis in the South East Asia region (India, Bangladesh etc.).The Flood map below is derived (subset of Karachi city ) from European Space Agency (ESA)’s Copernicus Program SENTINEL-1 Synthetic Aperture RADAR (SAR) image acquired on September 01, 2017. The green color in the map shows the flooded region.



The total rainfall derived from satellite data (GPM IMERG) for Karachi from August 29-31, 2017 is shown in Figure below:



Cyclone Mora in the Bay of Bengal

Cyclone Mora has formed in the Bay of Bengal, will head towards highly populated Bangladesh by Tuesday. The data for this animation is used from NOAA-GFS model for period from 2017-05-28 to 2017-06-01.